Eye Disease Diagnosis & Management in Grayslake

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Preserving your eye health is a lifelong responsibility that can be difficult to manage if you live with the risk of developing an eye disease. However, with our team’s help, you can get the care you deserve to protect your vision.

If you have an eye disease, are at risk of developing one, or haven’t had an eye exam in a while, please book your appointment today.

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Common Eye Diseases & Conditions


Glaucoma is one of the most common eye diseases worldwide, affecting nearly 3 million people in the United States alone. Glaucoma generally occurs when your intraocular pressure (IOP) rises, causing damage to your optic nerve, and leading to irreversible vision loss if not caught early. However, some forms of glaucoma may develop without raising your IOP levels.
There are 3 common types of glaucoma:

  • Open-angle glaucoma occurs when the drainage angle between your iris and cornea is open, but intraocular fluids can’t drain fast enough to keep your IOP at normal levels.
  • Closed-angle glaucoma occurs when the angle between your iris and cornea closes, resulting in a rapid increase of IOP levels. Closed-angle glaucoma is considered a medical emergency, and can also cause nausea, headaches, and blurred vision.
  • Normal-tension glaucoma occurs even when IOP levels are within a normal range. However, an optometrist can detect it by observing your optic nerve during an eye exam.

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a common eye disease, and is one of the leading causes of blindness in people 55 and older. AMD deteriorates your macula, the part of your retina responsible for central vision. As the disease progresses, it can affect your ability to read, drive, or even recognize faces.

There are 2 common types of AMD:

  • Dry AMD occurs when small deposits of drusen form under the macula. Over time, the drusen slowly deteriorates the macula, leading to vision loss.
  • Wet AMD is responsible for most AMD-related vision loss and occurs when delicate blood vessels begin to form under the macula. When these vessels break, they leak blood and fluids on and underneath your macula, resulting in rapid vision loss. Wet AMD is considered to be a medical emergency and requires immediate medical attention.

Diabetic retinopathy is an eye disease that develops as a complication of diabetes. Diabetes causes an increased level of blood sugar that can damage the blood vessels located behind your retina.

When this happens, your retina may develop new, yet delicate, blood vessels to help get the nutrients it needs. However, these vessels can break and leak fluids into your retina, resulting in vision loss over time.

Cataracts are a common eye condition occurring when the clear crystalline lens of your eye becomes denser and more opaque. The result of this is a milky or cloudy appearance that could affect your vision.

Early vision problems due to cataracts can be corrected with glasses or contact lenses. However, you can also remove the cataract with cataract surgery, which replaces the clouded lens with an artificial one.

Conjunctivitis, commonly known as pink eye, is an eye condition that causes various symptoms, including redness, irritation, wateriness, and a crusty discharge.

There are 3 common types of conjunctivitis:

  • Allergic conjunctivitis occurs when your eyes react to something you’re allergic to. Allergic conjunctivitis doesn’t necessarily need treatment and can be managed with allergy medication. However, please speak to your optometrist or family doctor before purchasing any over-the-counter products.
  • Viral conjunctivitis is caused by a viral infection and is contagious. The only way to treat it is by letting it run its course, which is typically a few days. If your symptoms persist longer than expected, please contact your optometrist.
  • Bacterial conjunctivitis is also contagious but is caused by a bacterial infection. It can be treated with antibiotics. Please speak to your optometrist for treatment solutions, and avoid touching your face or eyes to prevent spreading.

Assessing Your Eye Health

iCare Tonometer

The iCare tonometer is a handheld device that allows your optometrist to measure your IOP levels. The tonometer uses a small probe that gently touches the surface of your eye, measuring your eye’s resistance for IOP.

Tonometers are used to detect symptoms related to glaucoma.

A lot can be determined by examining your retinas. The Optos retinal imaging device allows your optometrist to detect signs of eye disease in your retina, including glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, and more.

Ocular coherence tomography (OCT) is an imaging technique also used to determine your retina’s health. OCTs operate similarly to an ultrasound, but instead of sound, OCTs use light to generate cross-sectional images of your retina. OCTs can help detect symptoms of glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, age-related macular degeneration, and more.

Your Eyes Will Thank You

Managing your eye health is a responsibility, but it’s something that our team can guide you on. Preserve your vision and book your next eye exam today!

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1120 Washington Street
Grayslake, IL 60030

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Phone: (847) 223-2000


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